Where one chooses to live depends upon her needs, desires and preferences. Many people choose to live in a large city for its amenities. Others prefer the open spaces and fresh air of rural areas. Each choice has advantages and disadvantages. Where you end up will depend upon a variety of factors.
Types of Housing Available
The types of housing available depend upon the area in question. In general, city dwellers will have a choice of living in an apartment, condominium or townhouse. Certain cities may also offer single-family detached homes for sale in a less populated area of the city. Usually, such areas offer more space in return for a longer commute to the city center. Those living in rural areas often find their housing options include single-family detached homes, mobile homes and the occasional low-rise apartment building. Housing is often cheaper in rural areas because of decreased demand. Plus, the houses typically have more land than ones in an urban area.
City dwellers often have access to myriad public transportation options, such as buses, subways and light rail. City dwellers will also have access to highways that connect to other areas, such as an airport, that are within a reasonable distance of their homes. Someone living in a rural area may have more limited transportation options. As rural areas are, by definition, less populated, there may be fewer public transportation options to connect one area to another. Public transportation may be limited to services such as Amtrak trains or Greyhound buses. Many rural dwellers rely heavily on cars to get from one place to another.
Rural and urban areas offer different monetary opportunities. Living in a rural area may allow someone to pursue work in fields that require large open spaces such as animal husbandry, astronomical research, forestry or farming. By contrast, life in a city can offer someone the chance to pursue a job in a field that might be very competitive, such as acting or musicology. Many cities also offer opportunities to work for a highly regarded employer such as a hospital that conducts cancer research or a major television network.
Urban areas often have a tremendous number of restaurants with cuisines from different countries. A city dweller can also often find restaurants that have garnered rave reviews in major newspapers. However, the city dweller may find it hard to find large supermarkets with less expensive basic items such as produce. Plus, they may face limited kitchen space at home, making it harder to prepare their own meals. Those living in rural areas may have fewer restaurant options but more options for fresh food. Someone living in a rural area may have easy access to food from a nearby farm or may have acreage of their own that could be used for a garden where they can grow their own food. Rural areas also often have fewer restrictions on owning livestock, so the rural homeowner can choose to keep chickens to gather fresh eggs or even a cow for homemade dairy products.
Children living in a rural area may have smaller classrooms, thus garnering more individual attention from teachers. A teacher may know a student's parents and siblings well. As a result, the teacher may be more attuned to the student's strengths and weaknesses and be better able to address them directly. Students who attend classes in large urban areas may face larger class sizes. However, such students may have a wider array of academic offerings in a bigger school. Larger schools can offer subjects such as foreign language instruction, orchestral instruction and art enrichment that may be harder to come by in a rural area. A student who faces academic challenges may need to leave home to get the specialized instruction she needs if she lives in a rural area, but a student who lives in a city may have such resources close by.