The occasion: your birthday or another annual event in your life. The source of confusion: a piece of paper slightly larger than "paper money" but less visually appealing. The sender: most likely an older relative who has been banking for decades and is loath to stop. And why should she – just because you're staring at this vaguely business-like document that looks like it tumbled out of a time capsule. And in a way, it has. But even if you don't have your own bank checking account, you won't be stuck "holding the bag" – or the check in your hands. You can endorse the back of the check and treat it as a "pay to the order of" check.
Checks Make Sense of Cents
A check may be a foreign entity to you, especially if you pay bills online and you're in the habit of paying for store purchases with a credit or debit card. But 20 years ago, adults with a bank account considered checks the preferred – and safest – way to make most types of payments, according to Checks Unlimited. Checks are not nearly as common as they once were, but they still provide peace of mind for people who like the idea of creating a paper record, particularly for important bills like mortgage, car and tuition payments.
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As prehistoric as it may look, a check is arguably one of the most straightforward business documents ever invented. Imprinted with the name and logo of the payer's bank, it calls for a specified amount of money to be paid to a person, company or other recipient. In this case, the recipient is you, the payee. For a check to be valid, U.S. News says it must include four elements:
- the date
- the name of the payee (which usually follows the words "pay to the order of")
- the amount of the payment
- the signature of the payer on the front of the check (the owner of the account from which the money will be withdrawn)
One Check Offers Three Options
Once a check lands in your hands, you can fulfill the transaction in one of three ways. Making it a "pay to the order of" check is just one of them.
- You can deposit the check in your bank or credit union account (if you have one). All you have to do is turn the check over and on the two or three lines prefaced by the instruction to "endorse here," write "for deposit only," sign (not print) your name and provide the bank account number you would like the money deposited in. Depending on the bank's or financial institution's policy, you may also have to fill out a short deposit slip that consists of similar information.
- You can cash the check at your bank or credit union, the payer's bank, a currency exchange or the customer service department of a store that offers check-cashing services. In all cases, expect to provide a photo ID; in the latter two scenarios, you probably will be asked to pay a fee, which is often a sliding percentage of the check's value.
- You can sign the check over to someone else so that ownership reverts from you to the third party, which explains why a check in this scenario is known as a third-party check. Now this third party is free to do with it whatever they wish.
What Are Third-Party Checks?
A third-party check is when the original payee has endorsed the back of the check and transferred the ownership to a third party. The third-party is usually designated with the wording, "Pay to the order of."
Types of Check Endorsements
There are three ways to endorse a check.
- Blank endorsement: A blank endorsement means that the payee has simply turned over the check and signed their name in the endorsement area without any further instructions.
- Restrictive endorsement: A restrictive endorsement means that the payee has endorsed the check but has added additional instructions. For example, the most common restrictive endorsement instructs the bank to only deposit to a certain account that is designated with the wording, "For deposit only to account XXX."
- Special endorsement: A special endorsement is used when the original payee wants to transfer the ownership of the check to a third party. This is done by signing the check and including the wording, "Pay to the order of (recipient's name)."
How to Endorse a Check Over to Another Person
The third option may be appealing if you don't have your own bank account or want to save yourself the time (and, some people would say, the hassle) of finding a place to cash the check. You might even consider this option a convenient way to cancel out a debt if you owe someone money and they're willing to accept a third-party check as payment. Just be aware that not everybody is, and not every bank or credit union wants to be involved in a third-party transaction. It's perfectly legal, but its indirectness can raise a red flag. Being risk-averse, banks and credit unions would prefer that you deposit the check in your own checking or savings account, and then write a new check.
Still, when everybody is on board, a "pay to the order of" check can be a viable, efficient option. And as Huntington points out, the steps are simple to execute.
- Verify that the recipient is willing to accept your check. (If they are hesitant, you may be thrust in the role of expert and explain these steps to them.)
- Assuming the recipient agrees, ask them to call or visit their bank to confirm that it will accept the check.
- Assuming, too, that the bank agrees, turn the check over and endorse it in the endorsement area. Take care that you sign your name exactly as it appears on the check. For example, if the check includes your middle initial, you too should include your middle initial in your endorsement. Use a blue or black pen – not a pencil that can smudge.
- Write "pay to the order of" below your signature, followed by the full name of the person you're endorsing the check to.
- Give the check to the recipient so they can cash or deposit the check.
This process may give new meaning to the expression "... and that's all she wrote" because third-party checks are far simpler to execute than many people think (or fear). And you can take that assurance to the bank.
Frequently Asked Questions About Third-Party Checks
What Does “Pay to the Order of” Mean on the Back of a Check?
"Pay to the order of" on the back of a check means that the payee designated on the front of the check has endorsed the check and is transferring the ownership to a third-party. "Pay to the order of" is the way to identify the third-party recipient.
Who Signs in the Endorsement Area?
The original payee must first endorse the back of the check, and, if the check is being transferred to a third party, this third party must also endorse the check if it is being deposited in their bank.
Where Can It Be Deposited?
A check whose ownership has been transferred to a third party can be deposited in the bank account of the third-party. The bank may not give the third-party account holder immediate credit for the check but could wait until the bank on which the check was drawn has paid the check.
Can I Deposit It Via Mobile Deposit?
Third party checks can be deposited with brick-and-mortar banks and online banks via a mobile banking app if they are endorsed by the original payee and the third party. Banks have different policies, and some banks now require that mobile app deposits contain the wording "For mobile deposit only" in addition to the endorsements.
Do Third-Party Checks Take Longer to Deposit?
Third-party checks don't take longer to deposit, but the bank receiving the check for deposit may take longer before giving the account holder credit for the funds.