Common reasons for a transfer of land include the sale of property, a death of the owner or a divorce. A deed is the legal document used to transfer the ownership of property. In the state of Alabama, transferring property requires the preparation of a new deed that fulfills all of the legal requirements in Alabama for transferring land, such as possessing a notary's signature and stamp. Since transferring land is a legal process, it is a good idea to use a professional when preparing the documents.
Gather the information from both the grantor and grantee of the property. Alabama state law requires the legal name and address to be used when transferring land. Also, obtain a copy of the deed to the land from the current landowner. This contains the property's legal description and lists the grantor as the current owner.
Contact an attorney who handles real estate transfers to compose a deed to transfer land in the state of Alabama. Provide the previous deed as a guide for the attorney when composing the deed. It gives the legal description, mineral rights and exclusions to the property.
Sign and date the deed. The state of Alabama requires that a deed be notarized and stamped as well. The attorney will provide a notary when the deed is completed.
Take the original copy of the deed to the county courthouse and have it recorded in the deed book. It then becomes a permanent record in the state of Alabama. This protects you from future claims or judgments on the title.
Determine if the property conveyance type should be a warranty deed or a quitclaim deed with the guidance of the attorney. A warranty deed provides the grantee with the guarantee that the property is owned by the grantee and has no liens. A quitclaim deed, on the other hand, offers no warranty and simply transfers the property between owners.