Credit card issuers use a combination of readily available information and proprietary formulas to determine how much you can spend on your card. If you would like to receive a credit card limit of $5,000, you will need a combination of excellent credit history and high personal income.
Banks do not directly translate your credit score into the credit limit for your card, but your score does play a significant role. If you have made late payments in the past, or if you are having trouble keeping other loans current, banks will likely not issue a credit card with a $5,000 limit. Maintaining an excellent credit history will considerably increase your chances of receiving a high credit limit.
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Credit card applications ask for your personal income, and issuers use this information as a factor in determining your credit limit. If you do not generate enough income to make the minimum monthly payments on $5,000 in credit card debt while meeting other obligations such as mortgage and car payments, banks will not issue a credit card with a $5,000 limit. Because banks use proprietary formulas for determining credit card limits, there is no way to know exactly how much income is required for a $5,000 credit limit.
Even if you have excellent credit history and high personal income, your ability to receive a $5,000 credit limit still depends on the type of credit card for which you apply. Many banks offer an array of credit card options, and those targeted to young adults and entry-level borrowers may have considerably lower credit limits than those designed for more mature applicants.