## Step 1

#### Step

Use a three step process to calculate the return above the risk free rate of return. The risk free rate is often describes as the interest on U.S. government bonds. Assuming the return on a stock investment is nine percent and the risk free rate is three percent, then the excess return is six percent

## Step 2

#### Step

Solve for the Sharpe Ratio using the excess return from the above calculation and the standard deviation of the investment. In this case, if we assume the standard deviation of the stock is 1.2 times the overall stock market index, the formula is as follows:

Sharpe Ratio = .09/1.2 = 7.5%

## Step 3

#### Step

Solve for the Modigliani Ratio by using the Sharpe Ratio, the risk free rate of return and the standard deviation of a benchmark investment that you are comparing. In this case, we can assume a standard deviation of 0.9 for the benchmark.

Modigliani Ratio = Sharpe X Standard Deviation + Risk Free Rate M^2 = .075 X 0.9 +.03 = 9.75%