Nurse practitioners (NPs) provide care for patients and often work in rural areas where limited access to physicians can make proper medical care difficult. Some physicians have NPs in their offices to assist in patient care and lighten workloads. NPs typically are registered nurses who have completed post-graduate studies to receive their master's degree or PhD in nursing and have passed the certification test. After becoming NPs, they can complete a course to specialize in a medical field. Additional specialization can require up to four years of courses and training.
Family Nurse Practitioner
Family Nurse Practitioners (FNPs) are capable of meeting the health needs of all members of the family. FNPs often run their own clinic collaborating with a physician at another medical facility. Nationally, FNP salaries ranged from $68,057 to $84,081 as of 2011, according to PayScale. Bonuses ranged from $988 to $5,140 and profit sharing ranged from $1,044 to $6,000. The total pay ranged from $70,027 to $89,186 annually.
Adult Nurse Practitioner
Adult Nurse Practitioners (ANPs) specialize in diseases that are specific to adults such a heart disease and arthritis. ANPs are often the primary care giver for many adults and treat a variety of ailments. Typically, adult nurse practitioner's salaries are comparable to the salary of an FNP. The largest difference between an ANP and an FNP is that adult practitioners generally do not have patients younger than 12.
Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
Pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) specialize in providing medical care for babies and children. Routine care includes well baby care, including tracking length and weight and advising parents on immunizations. PNPs treat childhood illnesses and provide care plans for the treatment of chronic illnesses such as diabetes and asthma. As of 2011, the average salary for PNPs was $104,000 according to Indeed.com.
Other common specialties for nurse practitioners include woman's health practitioners, acute care practitioners and geriatric practitioners. Other less common specialties for nurse practitioners include physician assistant practitioners, oncology practitioners and psychiatric practitioners. The less common specialties salaries are dependent on the need for the specialty in the geographical area you choose and the type of facility where you work, while the more common specialties typically have similar salary ranges.