Homeowners refinance to replace their current mortgage with a more desirable loan or to "cash out" and receive a lump sum of their home's equity. If you have sufficient equity, you can do a bit of both through a limited cash out refinance. Also known as a rate-and-term refinance, a limited cash out allows you to obtain more favorable loan terms, use equity to pay off mortgage-related debt and receive a limited amount of money back at closing.
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How Lenders Limit Cash Out Amounts
Lenders don't finance more than your home is worth or allow you to aggressively cash out on your home's equity when refinancing. Lenders finance a specific percentage of your home's value, a ratio known as a loan-to-value, or LTV. An 80 percent LTV or less is ideal, but some lenders may allow up to a 95 percent LTV for a limited cash out refinance.
Costs Covered By Limited Cash Out
You may receive a relatively small amount of money upon closing a limited cash out refinance. Fannie Mae loan guidelines allow borrowers to receive the lesser of 2 percent of the new loan amount or $2,000 cash back. The refinance loan balance may pay off closing costs, such as lender and prepaid fees and a previous first mortgage and second mortgage.