Rollback taxes may be incurred when land is changed from one type of use to another. This occurs often when a section of land that was previously used for agricultural purposes is changed to residential or business property use. Land zoned for agriculture typically has a lower property tax rate than land zoned for other uses.
Calculating Rollback Taxes
Rollback taxes are calculated by determining the difference between property taxes incurred at the previous rate and the new land-use rate. In South Carolina, for example, this is done for the year of the change in land use and for the five previous years. Therefore, rollback taxes would be incurred for a six-year period. Whether rollback taxes are applied and to what extent varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Be sure to check with your own state to determine how rollback property taxes are calculated.