What is Ingress and Egress in Real Estate?

Locked gate on a private road.
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A piece of real estate may give non-owners rights of ingress, or entrance, and egress, exit. As such, an ingress and egress easement on your piece of land allows others to enter and exit through your property for a specific purpose, such as passing through to access a landlocked house or work on a utility service.

Identifying Ingress and Egress Rights

Ingress and egress easement rights don't have to be documented in writing. They may not appear on a property's deed and they may be established through a separate written agreement between the owner and the users, or easement owners. They may be implied through extensive use or verbally agreed upon by the owner and user. Having a legal document drawn, signed and recorded with the land records office can prevent disagreements between users and future landowners.

Owner's Rights

You can secure your land by placing gates or other physical boundaries at the easement. However, you can't deny access to the easement users. You must supply a gate key or code, for example, so the others can use the easement. An ingress and egress right-of-way may be implied through prolonged use, or it may be verbal. However, the safest way to solidify an ingress and egress is to put it in writing.