Servicing a Mortgage
Once a mortgage loan closes, the borrower makes monthly payments to the bank or lender that lent the borrower money. These payments are made to either a mortgage servicer -- the original lender -- or a subservicer hired by the lender to handle payments and escrow accounts.
What Does Subservicer Mean
Many banks make mortgages but do not wish to be in the business of collecting mortgage payments and other related work. Accordingly, such banks hire a company called a subservicer to perform these tasks on behalf of the bank.
Mortgage Subservicer Responsibilities
Mortgage subservicers not only collect payments from borrowers, but they also hold the escrow accounts for paying taxes and insurance. The mortgage subservicer is responsible for paying the borrowers' taxes and insurance in a timely manner.
Mortgage subservicers are also responsible for contacting the borrower when the payment is not received. Known as "collection," the mortgage subservicer contacts the borrower as soon as a mortgage becomes delinquent. If necessary, the subservicer may foreclose on the borrower's house and perform all of the related tasks.
Mortgage subservicers are regulated by the federal government and must make certain disclosures to borrowers. If the borrower's servicing is transferred to another subservicer, the borrower must receive a written "Notice of Transfer" 15 days prior to such transfer.