How to Calculate Interest Rate Using Present & Future Value

Use the formula below where "I" is the interest rate, "F" is the future value, "P" is the present value and "T" is the time.

I = (F / P) ^ (1 / T) - 1

Divide the future value by the present value. For example, if an investment would cost $100 today and would be worth $120 five years in the future, you would divide $120 by $100 and get 1.2.

Raise the number your calculated in Step 1 to the 1 divided by the number of years between the current value and the present value. For example, if the future value was predicted for 5 years in the future, you would raise the 1/5 power. Continuing the example, you would raise 1.2 to the 1/5 power and get 1.037.

Subtract 1 from the number calculated in Step 2 to get the interest rate. For example, you would subtract 1 from 1.037 to find that the annual interest rate is 0.037, or 3.7 percent.