Is there a difference between a resume and a CV? The question comes up more than you'd think, and the answer is a pretty easy one: Yes.
When applying for jobs, your default document should be a resume, not a CV (unless you are applying for a job in Europe or applying for a job in academia). What is the difference between a resume and a CV, you ask? Well we've got answers.
Let's start with the less common one, the Curriculum Vitae (or CV for short). A CV is longer than a resume, it's a comprehensive listing detailing descriptions of jobs held, awards one, diplomas earned etc. It can go on for pages and pages and should list basically all of your professional and academic experiences. Unlike a resume, you don't tailor a CV to the job you are applying for — this is a static document in which you showcase all of your achievements and accomplishments.
A resume, on the other hand, is far shorter and really should only be one page. That page should highlight experiences relevant to the position you are applying for and does not need to be nearly as comprehensive as a CV.
Lucky for all of us, jobs usually tell you when you are applying whether they'd like you to submit a CV or a resume. To stay ahead of the game, it's good to create both types of documents so you're ready to go no matter what a potential employer requests. But do keep in mind that resumes, at least in the U.S., are far more common.
So what's the difference between a resume and a CV? Now you know.